Delta 8 THC and Delta 10 THC
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Even if you haven’t yet smoked marijuana, you probably have heard of THC and about its effect on humans – the feeling of ‘high.’
The primary psychoactive ingredient in cannabis , Delta 9 THC, has been long studied in cannabinoid pharmacology and has been famous amongst consumers. As researchers keep demystifying the human endocannabinoid system (ECS) and exploring its role in our health, new cannabinoids are emerging on the scene. People want to know if other cannabinoids can similarly affect our bodies and mind. Delta 8 THC and Delta 10 THC are lesser-known variants of THC that are now a point of interest amongst cannabis users and researchers. Although these variants of THC share many similarities with Delta 9 THC, their chemical structure is different and deliver altering results than the famous THC.
What is Delta 8 THC?
Delta-8-tetrahydrocannabinol (Delta 8 THC) is an analog of Delta 9 THC with a similar pharmacological profile and slightly lower psychoactive potency. Although it shares many similarities with the famous THC, it has a different chemical structure, producing different outcomes. Delta 9 THC got its name from a double bond on the ninth carbon chain of its molecule. Delta 8 THC, on the other hand, has a double bond on the eights carbon chain and is known to be less psychoactive than Delta 9 THC.
Delta 8 THC is also a rarer compound in cannabis strains than Delta 9 THC; Its concentrations reach only 0.1% in cannabis strains, while Delta 9 THC can go up to 30%. That’s why manufacturers use a scientifically advanced process to convert Delta 9 into Delta 8 and acquire usable amounts of the compound.
What is Delta 10 THC?
Delta 10 THC is amongst hundreds of cannabinoids in the cannabis plant. It is a tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) isomer and has a double bond on the tenth chain of its molecule. Delta 10 THC is similar to Delta 8 THC and Delta 9 THC, with the psychoactive properties and molecular structure, but it has lower psychotropic potency than Delta 9 THC.
Delta-10 THC, like Delta 8 THC is a rare compound and is reaches only trace amounts in cannabis strains. The extraction of this compound is a challenge that requires scientifically advanced technology to acquire its usable amounts.
How do Cannabinoids Work?
The Endocannabinoids system in the human body (ECS) was first discovered in the late 20th century and is now thought to be one of the most important physiologic systems involved in establishing and maintaining human health. The system consists of receptors, enzymes, and endocannabinoids found in the brain, organs, tissues, glands, and immune cells; they play a crucial role in the body’s functioning and different responses.
Endocannabinoids are neurotransmitters that bind to cannabinoid receptors – CB1 and CB2 throughout the human body after enzymes break them down. The endogenous cannabinoids are very similar to the plan-based cannabinoids, so when people consume cannabis products, cannabinoids mimic endocannabinoids and bind to ECS receptors.
The two types of ECS receptors in the endocannabinoid system are CB1 and CB2. CB1 receptors are in the brain, reproductive systems, the anterior eye, and retina and play a role in pain, memory, mood, and motor functions.
CB2 receptors are in the immune cells, responsible for the body’s response to inflammation and pathogens. These receptors play a role in inflammation and pain.
Delta 9 vs. Delta 8 vs. Delta 10 THC
After consumption, Delta 9 THC binds to CB1 cannabinoid receptors in the brain and body and produces effects such as altering a person’s reaction time, slowing it down, getting consumers high, and sometimes increased feelings of anxiety.
Delta 8 THC shares many similar properties with Delta 9 THC yet causes notably different effects. Although both cannabinoids contain double bonds in their molecular chain, their location is different; delta 8 THC has it on the 8th carbon chain, while delta 9 THC has it on the 9th carbon chain. This, what may seem a slight difference, causes noticeably different outcomes in the human body. Moreover, Delta 9 THC can oxidize and convert to cannabinol (CBN) or Delta 8 THC. Delta 8 THC does not oxidize or become another cannabinol; therefore, Delta 8 THC is more stable than delta 9 THC.
In terms of the interaction with the ECS, Delta 8 THC also binds CB1 receptors in the central nervous system but has much lower psychotropic potency , so it can activate the receptor without delivering many of the side effects of Delta 9 THC, including anxiety and mind -altering symptoms.
Delta-10 THC also similarly interacts with the endocannabinoid system as Delta 9 and Delta THC. Although it may have some psychoactive effects, they are much less potent than the effects of delta-9 THC.
The primary differences between Delta 8 THC, Delta 9 THC, and Delta 10 THC lie in their molecular structure, availability in the cannabis strains, and the outcomes they produce.
✓ CHEMICAL STRUCTURE: Delta 8 THC has a double bond on the 8th carbon chain, while Delta 9 THC has a double bond on the 9th carbon chain, and Delta 10 THC has a double bond on the 10th chain – this can cause noticeable differences.
✓ AVAILABILITY: Delta 8 and Delta 10 are much rarer than Delta 9 THC.
✓ EFFECTS: Delta 8 THC and Delta 10 THC are less psychoactive than Delta 9 THC.
Can Delta 8 and Delta 10 THC get You High?
Delta 8 THC produces euphoric effects similar to Delta 9 THC, but anecdotal evidence suggests these are milder, smoother, and less anxious psychoactive experiences. Experts estimate that delta 8 has between half and three-quarters of the potency of delta-9 THC.
Delta 10 THC also has lower psychotropic effects compared to Delta 9 THC. The research suggests more Sativa-like effects and triggers a more energetic feeling, increased focus, alertness, and creativity.
How is Delta 8 THC Made?
Delta 8 reaches only meager amounts in cannabis plants, including hemp and its concentration reaches about 0.1 percent. However, manufacturers use advanced extraction and processing methods to acquire more of the compound to create D8 products. One standard technique involves converting THCa – the acidic form and precursor of THC into delta-9 THC and then converting it into delta-8 THC using ultraviolet rays, heat, or other agents.
Another practice of making Delta 8 THC is to extract CBD from hemp, refine into isolate, and then synthesize it into Delta 8 THC.
Is Delta 8 THC Legal?
The increased demand for Delta 8 THC is also due to its legality in some countries. When derived from the hemp plant, it is legal in the U.S. per the 2018 Farm Bill and many European countries if it doesn’t contain more than .2% (in some countries up to .3%) of Delta 9 THC. Delta 8 THC products are now gaining more popularity in the cannabis world and are available at numerous online stores. Its legality varies across countries, so it’s best to check with local laws before consumption.
How is Delta 10 THC Made?
Like Delta 8 THC, Delta 10 THC also appears in only trace amounts, so extracting the cannabinoid is quite a challenge. Delta-10 is typically made through the conversion of Delta 9 through isomerization. Manufacturers also create Delta 10 THC using chemical reactions and chemically altering CBD crude or isolate using carbon or solvents and acids.
Is Delta 10 THC Legal?
Delta 10 THC is legal in 38 U.S. states when derived from hemp. As for European countries, laws regarding THC analogs vary, so you should always check with the local laws before consumption.
Where to Buy Delta 8 THC Products
Delta 8 THC products are widely available online and at cannabis dispensaries. Numerous websites and local stores sell various types of Delta 8 THC products. However, always ensure you buy from a reputable brand that offers third-party lab test results to its customers. It can assure you are purchasing a hemp-derived Delta 8 THC with no unwanted ingredients such as more than the allowed amount of Delta 9 THC.
Where to Buy Delta 10 THC Products
The availability of Delta 10 THC products is somewhat limited at the time, but you can still find different D10 products online from multiple brands. The Delta 10 THC market will probably grow as the interest and the demand for the new cannabinoid keeps rising. However, the hemp-derived market is relatively unregulated, so make sure to shop from a reputable brand that proves the quality of their products through third-party lab test results so that you know you are buying a safe product to consume.
Do Delta 8 and Delta 10 THC Cause Failed Drug Tests?
Although hemp-derived Delta 8 and Delta 10 THC products are legal in many states and countries, both compounds are very likely to cause a failed drug test because most tests look for THC metabolites rather than for any specific type of THC. The drug tests available today aren’t advanced enough to differentiate the source of these byproducts; therefore, metabolites of all kinds of THC may become a problem when taking a drug test.
How Long Do Delta 8 and Delta 10 THC Stay in Your System?
How long Delta 8 THC and Delta 10 THC remain in your system depends on varying factors such as the frequency of use, body chemistry, weight, metabolism, gender, age, etc. Whether or not you will test positive for THC also depends on the type of test. For instance, blood tests and saliva tests can only detect the presence of THC for up to two days, while urine tests can spot the compound in your system for up to 48 days. Per the study on cannabinoids, around 80-90% of THC is flushed out of your system within five days via excretion. However, traces of THC may remain in your body for a few extra days.
Delta 8 THC Products
Delta 8 THC Tinctures
Delta 8 THC tinctures are oral drops usually combining delta 8 THC extract with a career oil. Tinctures are administered sublingually, and the blood vessels under the tongue allow the active ingredient – D8 to travel to the bloodstream without going through the digestive tract; therefore, tinctures deliver the fastest results. They come in small, dark-colored glass bottles and a convenient dropper that allows you to measure the amount of the oil to consume carefully. You can drip just a few drops of the oil under your tongue, hold it from 30 seconds up to a minute, and swallow the remaining liquid. Besides, you can add oil to your drinks or foods.
Delta 8 THC Softgels
When looking for a convenient, premeasured form of D8, softgels are the way to go. The soft-shelled capsules provide a predetermined amount of D8 and are easy to consume. Unlike tinctures, softgels need to go through the digestive system before the compound makes it to your bloodstream so that you may see delayed results.
Delta 8 THC Edibles
Foods infused with D8 such as gummies, brownies, cookies, chocolates, and even honey are increasingly popular amongst consumers. D8 edibles provide a tasteful and fun experience of consuming the rising star of cannabinoids. The most common type of Delta 8 edibles are gummies with premeasured doses of the compound. They provide different flavors and potency. Gummies are best-loved by consumers as it’s easy to take them around, without the fear of gummies melting or spoiling in the bag, as they usually have a much longer shelf-life than other edibles.
Like softgels, edibles need to go through the digestive system before your body absorbs the compound, so it may take time to see its outcomes.
Delta 8 THC flower and Prerolls
Smoking is another common way of consuming Delta 8 THC. Many online stores sell D8 Prerolls – ready-made smokables are usually available in strain-specific flavors, and they differ in weight and potency. If you prefer rolling your joints, you might find D8 flowers a better option.
Delta 8 Vape Products
D8 Vape products are amongst the most popular products on the market. Delta 8 carts and syringes can be vaporized using a standard vape or dab rig. Unlike smoking, vaping doesn’t involve burning and combustion; therefore, it reduces the chances of lung irritation.
Delta 10 THC Products
Similarly to Delta 8 THC, Delta 10 THC comes in many different forms, including:
- Vape Products
- Flower and Prerolls
Currently, Delta 10 THC products aren’t as widely available as Delta 8 products, but the world’s newest cannabinoid market is expected to grow in the next few years.
The table below summarizes the key differences between the lesser-known cannabinoids
Delta 8 THC, Delta 10 THC, and the famous Delta 9 THC
|Delta 8 THC||Delta 9 THC||Delta 10 THC|
|Psychoactive Properties||Less psychoactive than Delta 9 THC. Half and three-quarters of the potency of Delta 9 THC.||Can cause numerous psychoactive effects, including anxiety, and get consumers' high.'||Less psychoactive than Delta 9 THC. about half as strong as an equivalent dose of delta 9 THC|
|Availability in Cannabis Plants||Reaches up to 0.1%||Reaches up to 30%||Reaches up to 0.1%|
|Chemical Structure||Double bond on the 8th carbon chain||Double bond on the 9th carbon chain||Double bond on the 10th carbon chain|
|Legality||Hemp-derived Delta 8 THC is legal in 38 U.S. states and some European countries||Delta 9 THC is federally illegal in the United States and most European countries||Hemp-derived Delta 10 THC is legal in 38 U.S. states and some European countries|
|Availability on the Market||Delta 8 THC is widely available online and at CBD stores||There is limited availability of Delta 9 THC products within the areas where recreational cannabis use is legal||Delta 10 THC products are limited at the time and are available online and in-store at some CBD retailers, but the growing interest in the compound is likely to result in increased availability of Delta 10 THC products in the future|
How to Choose a High-Quality Delta 8 or Delta 10 THC Product?
Even though it’s no longer a hustle to find products with lesser-known cannabinoids – Delta 8 and Delta 10 THC, finding a high-quality one remains challenging. Many brands sell mislabeled products, so even if the label says it contains legal amounts of Delta 9 THC, that might not be true. Moreover, mislabeled products can also have harmful ingredients such as heavy metals and pesticides and not contain the indicated amount of the active ingredient. The best way to ensure you are choosing a high-quality product is to shop from reputable brands and retailers, check their online presence and reviews, and most importantly, look for the third-party lab test results that confirm the ingredients in the bottle.